When was Bodrum Established?
Halicarnassus (now Bodrum) was first settled at a meeting point of Greek and Anatolian cultures. Homer described it as ‘Paradise of infinite blues’, leading to its flourishing city status in antiquity. By the 5th century BCE, Maussollos ruled from Halicarnassus, making it one of the world’s most influential cities.
Bodrum offers a wealth of attractions for visitors to explore, but two must-visits should not be missed: the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus and the remarkable Museum of Underwater Archaeology. Both are must-sees on any trip to Turkey and well worth the money invested.
The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus
Constructed by Satyros and Pythius of Priene in 350 BC, the mausoleum at Halicarnassus is considered one of the seven wonders of ancient world. Unfortunately, much of its structure was destroyed over centuries by earthquakes and invasions.
Bodrum’s mausoleum is a must-see, making it the perfect starting point for your tour of the town. The Bodrum Museum has built an accurate replica of what the mausoleum would have looked like, displaying both remnants from inside as well as its foundation that still stands.
Bodrum’s top attractions for visitors include the Mausoleum of Saint Peter and Castle St. Peter, situated in the town centre. When crusader knights arrived in 1402 they used the remains of the Mausoleum as a quarry for building their new castle which they named Petronium (from Latin ‘petrium’) which later became known simply as ‘Bodrum’.